At Hegedűs Gyula Street 20/b (13th district), the Krétakör (Chalk Circle) theater ensemble organized a chamber choir performance in the stairwell, and the planting of a linden tree in the garden, with a memorial plaque.
Description: At Hegedűs Gyula Street 20/b (13th district), the Krétakör (Chalk Circle) theater ensemble organized a chamber choir performance in the stairwell, and the planting of a linden tree in the garden, with a memorial plaque.
Story: I. Baranyai, March 19, 2014, on the yellow-star houses at nearby Jászai Mari Square 1 and elsewhere in the 13th district:
"Iván Baranyai (original family name Blum) was born in Budapest on May 18, 1934. He was the only child of this Budapest Jewish Hungarian family, and was not yet 10 years old when the Germans came to Hungary, but even as a young child, he was aware of the things that happened, which are still incomprehensible today. He lived and continues to live as a person who is proud of his Jewishness, but does not practice his religion.
Many parts of his life are connected to this district. He was born at Váci Street 8, and lived in designated yellow-star houses on Hollán Ernő Street, then Pannónia Street, and today lives in a former yellow-star house. After his father was taken into forced labor service, he lived in the small second-floor apartment with his seamstress mother, who took on cleaning for a rich Jewish family so she could provide for her son. The father’s rare home visits were very important for the family, and now, approaching 80, he remembers how his father knocked at the door saying he was an old engineer. In the summer of 1944, they had to move. The family spent the first 1-2 difficult months in a house which is no longer standing at Jászai Mari (then Crown Prince Rudolf) Square 1, then later at Hollán Ernő Street 9. Before the Budapest ghetto they had to move once more, and spent a longer time at Pannónia Street 30. There were three of them living in the two-story apartment with a maid’s room. The family was “lucky” because the father managed to escape from the Óbuda brick factory, the mother escaped from near Győr, and so they managed to stay together in the ever-worsening situation. In the increasingly anti-Jewish atmosphere, the family’s survival was helped by the fact that the lover of the Jewish lady overseeing the house was the district Arrow Cross leader. The family ended up in the Budapest ghetto relatively late, at the end of December, in the Gozsdu Courtyard. They were forced into an apartment on the second floor of the fifth building, into even narrower surroundings, if such a thing were possible. Because air raids were increasingly frequent, they didn’t spend much time in the apartment but in the overcrowded “safe” shelter. Buildings 6 and 7 had already been taken over by the Gestapo. One day, they came for Iván, who was not even 10 years old, they wanted him to polish shoes, and didn’t harm him. The bread he received in exchange for his work helped the family to survive until liberation. After they left the ghetto, his father got a job right away in the former Conti Street prison as a guard, because he had sabotaged a German airfield during his forced labor service. Later he worked as a major in the Detainment Unit at Markó Street 27 and it was there when Béla Imrédy and Ferenc Rajniss were executed.
It is impossible to forget what happened, especially for a survivor, but important that we remember so that nobody will have to be afraid any more.
The story was recorded by Réka Guth, neighbor."